LNG Safer Than Most Common Fuel Types

LNG pic

LNG
Image: shell.com

Oil and gas executive Levon Termendzhyan serves as the equity owner of Viscon USA, is connected to two major oil companies in the US, and handles energy-related matters on behalf of various Native American tribes. Dedicated to promoting clean air, Levon Termendzhyan has been involved in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) market around the world.

Although public perception of LNG is plagued with ideas of extreme danger and toxicity, the fuel is actually one of the safest of all common fuel types. There have been no significant losses of cargo, fuel spills, or environmental incidents since the market began shipping bulk quantities of LNG in the 1960s. Since that time, LNG container ships have safely completed more than 33,000 voyages and traveled upwards of 60 million miles over the sea.

Part of the LNG market’s top safety history is due to the fact that LNG itself is actually not harmful to ground or water, thanks to its naturally rapid vaporization. When a spill does occur, the liquid gas rapidly evaporates without leaving behind any residue. This means it does not harm waterways or aquatic life like a crude oil spill does. The fumes created by the gas are flammable, but will only ignite when exposed to an ignition source. Without this, the gas will dissipate entirely on its own.

Once stored, safety systems at LNG facilities prevent major catastrophes from occurring. These systems include vapor and fire suppression systems, gas detectors, and temperature sensors. All LNG facility operators must also create detailed operating procedures that promote safety and adhere to federal regulations before operations can begin. In addition, personnel must complete training in firefighting, maintenance, and security.

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CARB’s New REAL Program to Better Track Vehicle Emissions

California Air Resources Board  pic

California Air Resources Board
Image: arb.ca.gov

Accomplished entrepreneur Levon Termendzhyan serves as the equity owner of Viscon USA and Viscon International, two companies focused on manufacturing and distributing the Viscon fuel additive around the world. Under Levon Termendzhyan’s leadership, this product has been approved for use by the U.S. government and certified by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) as a possible candidate for its 2015 mandate to reduce harmful emissions.

Dedicated to protecting the public from harmful air pollution, the CARB develops and maintains various programs, including its recent Real Emissions Assessment Logging (REAL) initiative. Created as part of the On-board Diagnostic (OBD) Regulations approved by the Board, REAL will help regulators better track greenhouse gas and smog-related emissions in the state’s vehicles. In doing so, this makes the identification of automobiles that produce excess emissions easier and moves California closer to its goal of meeting federal and state air-quality standards.

The OBD Regulations approved by the CARB apply to the use of OBD systems in vehicles. These mechanisms largely consist of software that detects malfunctions with an automobile’s emission control system. Once an issue is discovered, the driver is alerted by the OBD system via an indicator light. Information about the faulty equipment is also stored to promote fast repairs from technicians.

REAL would ask the OBD system to do more than this. It will gather data about nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in heavy- and medium-duty diesel vehicles starting in 2022 and collect fuel-consumption data that can characterize carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions on heavy-duty vehicles. This information can subsequently be retrieved with the use of a data reader or scan tool. The technology needed to do this already exists in the CARB’s Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS), so the program can be implemented without installing new equipment into vehicles.

How Is the Viscon Product Tested?

 

Viscon Internationalpic

Viscon International
Image: visconusa.com

The equity owner of Viscon USA and Viscon International, Levon Termendzhyan manufactures and distributes the Viscon product, a diesel fuel additive that boosts performance and reduces particulate-matter emissions. Under the leadership of Levon Termendzhyan, this product has been successfully tested in numerous countries around the world, including Turkey, Australia, and Canada.

To evaluate the Viscon fuel-additive correctly, governments, companies, and institutions need to separate participating engines into a candidate group and a control group. The former receives the Viscon product and must consist of at least 10 to 15 engines for the results to be significant. Meanwhile, the control group also consists of 10 to 15 engines, but these systems do not receive the fuel additive.

At the beginning, both candidate and control groups are measured using untreated diesel fuel to obtain a baseline score. This test should last at least 50 hours or one month and include records of the fuel added to the tank, the total amount used during the trial period, and averages in both groups. The candidate group then receives the Viscon additive and continues operating for at least 150 hours or three months. Again, operational mileage, total fuel used, and averages are recorded for both groups.

A second baseline measurement can also be completed at the end of the treatment trial. However, this one is optional. Once all the information is gathered, comparisons between the two groups can be made to determine the effects of the Viscon product.

The Advantages of Liquefied Natural Gas

LNG pic

LNG
Image: shell.com

For more than three decades, Levon Termendzhyan has been working in the oil and gas industry. He divides his time between serving as the owner and operator of several fuel stations, as well as an equity owner of Viscon USA and numerous joint venture projects. Dedicated to staying abreast of changes in the field, Levon Termendzhyan recently installed liquid natural gas (LNG) capabilities at a couple of his truck stops.

A non-toxic, odorless natural gas, the creation of LNG occurs when natural gas is cooled down to -260 degrees Fahrenheit. During this cooling process, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur compounds are removed, thereby ensuring that LNG is almost entirely made up of methane.

Since this process removes so many extra components in natural gas, LNG only takes up 1/600th of the space of gaseous natural gas. Thanks to this smaller size, it is more easily transported to and stored at a wider range of locations, including areas where natural gas is normally unavailable. This expands consumer access to LNG.

As more people use LNG over gasoline, they promote better environmental health. Greenhouse gas emissions and vehicle maintenance needs are reduced by 30 to 40 percent when LNG is used. Less CO2 is emitted by this type of gas and LNG is completely free of sulfur emissions.

Furthermore, there is no need to clean up an LNG leak since it evaporates without leaving any residue, which reduces water usage. Keeping this form of natural gas as a liquid also requires no energy usage.